The creation of the second-generation Acura Legend was an important milestone in the evolution of luxury performance cars. Soon after the 1987 introduction of the first-generation Legend Coupe, Acura began work on the second-generation Legend Sedan and Legend Coupe. The goal, broadly stated, was to make already excellent automobiles better in every way.
The Legend designers analyzed the existing models and how they were being received in the major markets -- North America, Japan and Europe. They found that the Legend was creating a market that had not existed before: the market for Japanese luxury performance automobiles. Its combination of high quality, luxury, performance, reliability and value for money had won a high level of credibility with discerning motorists. The challenge: to develop a second-generation Legend that would build upon this credibility and reputation while advancing the actual design and engineering to a new state of the art that would take the Legend well into the '90s.
Legend Design Philosophy
As a general principle, the planners had to redefine the position of the second generation Legend in the luxury performance market. They knew of other manufacturers' plans to enter the field with significantly larger, heavier models positioned well up the price scale.They were also intent on maintaining the Acura tradition of engineering for high efficiency and intelligent design. Together, these two fundamental considerations pointed toward maintaining the same relative position in the market, retaining the considerable advantages of front-wheel drive and improving every aspect of this already driver-oriented luxury performance automobile.
The engineers decided to improve performance and achieve a sportier driving feel while achieving greater luxury --yet they were not willing to accept a major weight increase. Reaching these rather contradictory goals meant extensive application of high technology.
A primary goal was to achieve sportier handling --to make the Legend even more of a "driver's car." Higher performance under all driving conditions was at the top of the list of priorities and the engineers were prepared to create an all-new engine to meet it. Another important goal was to make the Legend even quieter and smoother. To attain these results, they made a decision that would affect the entire car profoundly -- to position the engine longitudinally or "north-south," instead of the transverse or "east-west" mounting of the original Legend engine. This improves the front-rear weight distribution, and diminishes the amount of engine vibration transmitted to the body structure.
Other advantages of the drivetrain layout include even better braking and handling (because of the improved weight distribution) and even greater rigidity (because major structural members can run almost the entire length of the car). Yet the principal strengths of front-wheel drive would be retained:
- Greater space efficiency, primarily in the form of a lower center tunnel and larger trunk.
- Excellent high-speed stability and resistance to crosswinds.
- Superior traction on snowy, icy or wet roads.
- Lower overall vehicle weight.
By employing weight-saving design techniques, the engineers developed a 3.2-liter engine that is almost 20 percent larger in displacement and develops fully 26 percent more power (Legend Sedan Land LS) than the first-generation Legend engine, yet it weighs not a kilogram more.
While retaining the advantages of independent double-wishbone suspension all around, Acura engineers designed new hardware. At the front, L-shaped lower suspension arms and large-angle constant-velocity joints work with the longitudinal engine arrangement to achieve a 2.3-foot tighter turning circle, while a speed sensitive power steering system improves steering feel. The rear suspension is designed for excellent riding comfort and precise handling. Advanced valving in the gas-pressurized shock absorbers also contributes to handling and ride quality, and four-wheel disc brakes are used. An Acura-engineered Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS) is standard on all Legend Sedan and Legend Coupe models.
The unit-body structure was improved in many ways as well. Increased rigidity in the cabin area enhances the feeling of solidity. By applying sophisticated computer design techniques to the structure, the Acura body engineers used thicker outer body panels without significantly increasing overall body weight.
For the interiors of the Legend Sedan and Legend Coupe, every effort was made to attain high levels of quality and luxury, combined with elegant design. Climate-control and audio systems are improved and even easier to operate. Driver's and front passenger's Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) air bags are standard in all Legend models. Rich leather trim, standard in the Sedan GS, Sedan and Coupe LS, Coupe L and optional in the Sedan L, adds a feeling of elegance.
For the 1993 model year a new Type II engine, with even more power (230 vs. 200 horsepower) was introduced in the Legend Coupe, along with a standard 6-speed manual transmission. The Legend Coupe also features retuned suspension components and an upgraded braking system with 2-piston front calipers. The Legend Coupe LS includes a sophisticated Traction Control System (TCS) and larger-diameter 16-inch alloy wheels. The Type II engine, standard 6-speed manual transmission, suspension and braking improvements, 16-inch wheels and Traction Control System (TCS) were also introduced on the 1994 Legend Sedan GS.