Honda Announces Further Advancements in Industry Leading Fuel Cell Program
Breakthrough Honda FC Stack to be tested in California and New York; City of San Francisco takes delivery of two Honda FCX fuel cell vehicles

American Honda today announced that it will conduct tests of the 2005 Honda FCX fuel cell vehicle equipped with the all-new Honda fuel cell (FC) stack on public roads in the U.S. beginning later this month. The company also announced the delivery of two hydrogen-powered FCX vehicles to the city of San Francisco under lease agreement as part of its ongoing customer lease program.

The 2005 FCX testing program will begin this month in California, followed by the placement of a vehicle in New York State in the fall. The New York test program will play a critical role in proving the cold-weather performance capabilities of the Honda FCX and the breakthrough Honda FC stack, which has the ability to start in temperatures as low as -20oC (-4oF), until recently a major hurdle in the development of a truly mass-marketable fuel cell vehicle.

Honda's experimental Home Energy Station (HES) will supply hydrogen fuel for the California road tests. HES generates hydrogen from natural gas for use in fuel cell vehicles while supplying electricity and heat for the home.

By testing the HES in conjunction with the FCX, Honda is taking another step forward in its development of both vehicle and refueling technology, in preparation for the advent of a hydrogen-based energy system. The Honda FC Stack-equipped FCX earned approval on September 24, 2003 from Japan's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, and has recently undergone sub-zero start-up and road testing in Hokkaido, Japan.

The new Honda FC stack reduces the number of components by almost 50 percent (compared to earlier Honda prototype units) while more than doubling the output density, resulting in world-leading performance (up 33 percent versus 2004 FCX). Use of newly developed aromatic electrolyte membranes greatly improves durability and allows for power generation at temperatures ranging from -20oC (-4oF) to +95oC (+203oF), a milestone achievement for stacks that employ conventional fluorine electrolyte membranes. Driving range and fuel economy have also been increased by more than 10 percent compared with the FCX currently in fleet use.

Honda's industry leading customer program has also been further expanded with the delivery of two 2004 Honda FCX vehicles to the city of San Francisco earlier this month. The addition of San Francisco as a Honda FCX customer brings to twelve the number of Honda fuel cell cars on the road in the United States and Japan.

San Francisco joins Los Angeles as the first two cities in American to embrace Honda fuel cell technology. The city of Los Angeles recently celebrated its one-year anniversary as a customer for Honda fuel cell technology with five vehicles on the road in regular everyday use. Los Angeles took delivery of its first FCX in December 2002.Honda Advances Industry Leading Fuel Cell Program

The Honda FCX is the world's first commercial fuel cell vehicle and the only fuel cell vehicle to be certified by both the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the California Air Resources Board (CARB). The FCX has a range of up to 160 miles and seating for four people, making it practical for a wide range of real-world applications.

Specifications of the 2005 Honda FCX with Honda FC Stack


FCX with Honda FC Stack

Number of occupants


Max. Speed




Max. Output

80kW (107hp)

Max. Drive

272N_m (201 lb-ft)


AC synchronous electric motor (manufactured by Honda)

Fuel cell stack (2 units)



PEMFC (Proton exchange membrane fuel cell)






Compressed Hydrogen


High-pressure hydrogen tank (5000psi)


156.6 liters

Dimensions (L x W x H, mm)

4165 x 1760 x 1645

Energy storage

Ultra Capacitor (manufactured by Honda)

Vehicle range (Honda estimate based on EPA mode)

More than 160 miles (real world)

  • share: