Honda Civic -- Introduction - Part 1
History and Heritage
Since its U.S. introduction in 1973, the Honda Civic has become an icon of the Honda line. The Civic has played an important role in establishing the key attributes Honda vehicles have become known for: dependability, quality, reliability, and efficiency. Each new generation has built on the past, elevating the Civic to its position as the acknowledged small car leader. The Civic is now sold in more than 140 countries and has been Honda's best-selling vehicle on a global basis for more than 20 years. More than 10 million Civics have been sold since its introduction.
Prior to the introduction of the Civic in the United States, Honda had sold fewer than 35,000 cars after entering the U.S. vehicle market in 1970. But the introduction of the first Civic Hatchback was followed almost immediately by the first oil embargo, first gasoline shortages and sky rocketing fuel prices. Civic sales went from 43,119 units in 1974, its first full year on the market, to more than 100,000 units in 1975, and Honda was firmly entrenched in the car business.
Over the years the Civic line has expanded. A second generation was introduced in 1980 and added a sedan to the model lineup, which included a three-door hatchback and five-door station wagon. In 1993 a Coupe was added.
In 1986, Honda began building the Civic in America at Honda of America Mfg., in Ohio, using both domestic and globally-sourced parts. By mid-2000, Honda had produced more than three million Civics in the U.S.
Along the way the Civic developed a strong following. Its combination of outstanding value, performance and style made it a favorite of young buyers. The introduction of the CRX in 1984 elevated that following to cult status, which continued to grow with the introduction of the Civic Coupe. Today the Civic is at the center of the booming compact car performance trend popular with young buyers across the country and it has even led one leading aftermarket supplier to say "the Civic is the '57 Chevy of a new generation of hot rodders."
Not only has the Civic developed a large owner body, it is also a very loyal owner body. Nearly one-third of all Civic Sedan owners buy another one and more than 40 percent of all Civic Coupe owners go on to buy another Coupe. And in either case, more than 60 percent of all Civic owners are likely to buy another Honda.
The Civic has always been at the forefront of automotive environmental leadership in terms of both high mileage and low emissions. It started with the CVCC engine in 1975, which made the Civic the first vehicle to meet the Clean Air Act without the need for a catalytic converter, something most manufacturers said couldn't be accomplished. In '77, the CVCC Civic sat atop the Environmental Protection Agency's first-ever list of Top Ten most fuel efficient cars and a Civic has been on the list ever since.
In 1986, the Civic CRX-HF was the first mass-produced 4-cylinder car to break through the 50 miles per gallon barrier. In 1995, the '96 Civic became the first gasoline-powered car to meet California's Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) standard and two years later, Honda decided to voluntarily sell the LEV-certified Civic in all 50 states, another industry first. Another '96 model, the Civic HX Coupe, was the first to introduce the automatic Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) to the lineup and the first automatic to make the EPA's Top Ten list. And for '98 Honda added a natural gas-powered model, the Civic GX, which has achieved "Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle" status, and led the EPA to say the GX has simply the "cleanest internal combustion engine in the world."
The current generation Civic lineup is the most successful ever. When introduced in 1995 as a '96 model, it immediately shot to the top of the small car sales chart and has been there ever since. It was one of the five best-selling cars in America in 1999 and has sold more than 300,000 cars in each of the past three years.
Maintaining this leadership position in the face of greatly improved competition was the heavy challenge Honda engineers took on when creating the seventh generation Civic. As good as it was, the engineering team knew that simply building a better Civic wouldn't be enough.
As a result, Honda's designers and engineers set out to develop a new Civic that would go beyond its traditional class leadership role, aiming to elevate the next Civic into a class by itself.
Concept and Development Targets
The development concept for the seventh generation Civic started with a plan to build on the strengths and customer expectations of the best-selling current Civic, the acknowledged benchmark in the small car class. Like all Hondas, but especially Civic, that meant starting from a strong "DQR" base of dependability, quality and reliability. Added to that would be Civic owner expectations, including outstanding safety, a fun-to-drive feel, excellent family comfort, sporty styling, economical operation and a good price-to-value relationship. They also knew owners liked the size of their cars, but wanted more interior room.
So the engineers wanted the new Civic to retain its small car feel and nimble handling, with current exterior dimensions, but with a more spacious interior.
It had to maintain the efficiency that the Civic has become known for, while reflecting fresh, contemporary styling.
As a result, the team established some clear objectives they believed would separate the Civic from the rest of the small car pack. Those areas included:
Performance -- With such a high percentage of young owners, the desire for excellent vehicle performance and a fun-to-drive feel rates highly. To build on the Civic's class leadership position, the engineers enhanced engine performance by increasing all engines to 1.7-liters in size from 1.6-liters. In addition, they designed all new front and rear suspensions for enhanced ride and handling characteristics. Highlights include:
- increasing horsepower for DX and LX models from 106 hp to 115 hp.
- increasing torque from 103 lb.-ft at 4600 rpm to 110 lb.-ft. at 4500 rmp for all DX and LX models.
- increasing torque on EX models from 107 lb.-ft. at 5500 rpm to 114 lb.-ft at a more usable 4800 rpm.
- a new MacPherson strut front suspension with centralized steering gearbox, allowing longer, high-mounted tie rods for improved toe control.
- a new, compact, double wishbone rear suspension for an improved ride.*
Safety -- Safety is a major concern of virtually all new car purchasers, but especially small car buyers, who are often younger and just starting a family. The design team established a five-star NCAP rating for frontal impacts as a primary target. They also decided the new Civic would be fitted with the latest safety technology including:
- the world's first application of dual seatbelt pre-tensioners for front seat passengers;
- an advanced dual-stage air bag inflator;
- three-point seat belts in all three rear seating positions;
- side SRS airbags available on all models;
- on vehicles equipped with side airbags, the front passenger's seat has a side airbag cutoff system that will prevent the side airbag from deploying if a child (or small-statured adult) is leaning into the side airbag deployment path;
- application of the "LATCH" system (Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHildren). This system, for each rear outboard seating position, includes:
-- a tether anchor point on rear window shelf, and
-- an anchor bar at the seat back/seat bottom contact point.
Environment -- Outstanding fuel economy is one of the features Civic owners expect and say they like most about their car. The Civic also has a long history of environmental leadership beginning with the first generation's CVCC model. So a desire to stretch the Civic's environmental leadership position was a natural goal for the team. Targets included:
- a 5 to 10 percent improvement in fuel economy.
- certifying all 2001 Civics to meet California's stringent ULEV (Ultra Low Emission Vehicle) standard then selling those models in all 50 states. This remains a voluntary move by Honda and the first company/vehicle to take this step.
- certifying the Civic GX as a SULEV (Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle). SULEV is approximately 80 percent cleaner than the ULEV standard. The GX will continue to boast the cleanest internal combustion engine in the world.
- major efforts to improve recyclability. For instance, all instrument panel parts are now made of Olefin, making it completely recyclable.
Value -- Civic owners consistently rate their cars higher in value than other small car owners even though the Civic owner may have spent slightly more for their car. To maintain that position the engineering team set out to:
- increase levels of standard equipment with improved stereo components (a top owners request), an immobilizer system and longer service intervals;
- reduce noise and vibration and bring a new level of refinement and attention to detail to the small car class.
Comfort -- Perhaps because of necessity, small car buyers put a priority on roominess and utility. Not only up front, but also rear seat room, important for the easy installation of child safety seats, hauling children and occasionally, four adults. But during the research stage, when the engineering team looked into the garages of Civic and other small car owners, there was little, if any additional space. With that in mind, the following two important objectives were set:
- More interior room, within the limits of the current Civic exterior size;
- Larger trunk and wider trunk opening for loading strollers, sporting equipment and luggage.
"Man Maximum/Machine Minimum" Philosophy
The 2001 Civic embraces Honda's longstanding "Man Maximum/Machine Minimum" design philosophy. In essence, it means maximizing the total environment for the driver and passengers, while minimizing the space needed for mechanical components. The goal is to increase the driver's ability to enjoy the car safely.
The end result is that the 2001 Civic delivers an intelligent balance, intuitive human fit, dynamic and modern styling, and appeals to drivers who care about the cars they drive.
Improving Quality 10 Times
"Improving Quality 10 Times" is the goal behind a development and manufacturing campaign codenamed "Q10". This philosophy is reflected in every aspect of the 2001 Civic -- from the initial designs through to the final manufacturing process. Some of the areas where the Q10 initiative is most evident on the new Civic are in the area of increased body accuracy -- making significant improvements in the fit and finish of panels and interior components.
In summary, the 2001 Civic reflects Honda's commitment to exceeding the expectations of today's Civic driver. The 2001 Civic builds on the class leading features Civic owners expect and adds new safety and environmental technology, added value, comfort and performance. This combination is designed not only to keep the Civic at the top of the class, but to elevate it into a class all its own.